Maxwell Barffour, Ph.D.

Maxwell Barffour

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Nutrition

3252 Meyer, Lab 3309 Meyer
  • B.Sc., Biochemistry and Nutrition, University of Ghana, 2005
  • M.P.H., Epidemiology, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri, 2008
  • Ph.D., International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2014.
Research Interests

Dr. Barffour’s broad research interests involve the epidemiology and reduction of morbidity and mortality among women and pediatric populations in resource-poor regions. His primary research focuses on the bidirectional interactions between infections and micronutrient status

Specific interests include (a) childhood malaria risk as a function iron status or supplementation; (b) effects of preventive and therapeutic zinc interventions on growth, immune response and diarrheal outcomes in children; (c) vitamin A supplementation and health outcomes in women and children; (d) anemia reduction through integrated malaria-iron strategies; (e) inflammation-associated changes in the biomarkers of micronutrient status; and (f) validation of the Portable Field Dark Adaptometer for measuring functional vitamin A status.

Recent seminar by Dr. Barffour

Malaria Incidence as a Function of Iron and Vitamin A Status: Evidence from a Study in Rural Zambian Children

Selected Publications

Barffour MA, Schulze KJ, Coles CL, Chileshe J, Kalungwana N, Arguello M, Siamusantu W, Moss WJ, West KP, Jr., Palmer AC: Comparability of Inflammation-Adjusted Vitamin A Deficiency Estimates and Variance in Retinol Explained by C-Reactive Protein and alpha1-Acid Glycoprotein during Low and High Malaria Transmission Seasons in Rural Zambian Children. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017. [PubMed]

Barffour MA, Schulze KJ, Coles CL, Chileshe J, Kalungwana N, Arguello M, Siamusantu W, Moss WJ, West KP, Jr., Palmer AC: High Iron Stores in the Low Malaria Season Increase Malaria Risk in the High Transmission Season in a Prospective Cohort of Rural Zambian Children. J Nutr 2017, 147:1531-1536. [Pubmed]

Barffour MA, Schulze KJ, Coles CL, Chileshe J, Kalungwana N, Siamusantu W, Arguello M, Moss WJ, West KP, Jr., Palmer AC: Malaria exacerbates inflammation-associated elevation in ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor with only modest effects on iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia among rural Zambian children. Trop Med Int Health 2017. [PubMed]

Hinnouho GM, Barffour MA, Wessells KR, Brown KH, Kounnavong S, Chanhthavong B, Ratsavong K, Kewcharoenwong C, Hess SY: Comparison of haemoglobin assessments by HemoCue and two automated haematology analysers in young Laotian children. J Clin Pathol 2017. [PubMed]

Palmer AC, Chileshe J, Hall AG, Barffour MA, Molobeka N, West KP, Jr., Haskell MJ: Short-Term Daily Consumption of Provitamin A Carotenoid-Biofortified Maize Has Limited Impact on Breast Milk Retinol Concentrations in Zambian Women Enrolled in a Randomized Controlled Feeding Trial. J Nutr 2016, 146:1783-1792. [PubMed]

Palmer AC, Healy K, Barffour MA, Siamusantu W, Chileshe J, Schulze KJ, West KP, Jr., Labrique AB: Provitamin A Carotenoid-Biofortified Maize Consumption Increases Pupillary Responsiveness among Zambian Children in a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Nutr 2016, 146:2551-2558. [PubMed]

Palmer AC, Siamusantu W, Chileshe J, Schulze KJ, Barffour M, Craft NE, Molobeka N, Kalungwana N, Arguello MA, Mitra M, et al: Provitamin A-biofortified maize increases serum beta-carotene, but not retinol, in marginally nourished children: a cluster-randomized trial in rural Zambia. Am J Clin Nutr 2016, 104:181-190. [PubMed]